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Addiction Medications

Treating Addiction With Medicines


A lot of efficient addiction treatment programs need the use of other drugs to help withdrawal side effects and decrease the chance of relapse. Staying sober can be much easier for a recovering addict with the help of medication. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. Medicines for addiction medical care can be prescribed as a segment of an inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation program. In order to provide the best possibility of accomplishing sobriety, doctors might adapt medication doses during the progress of treatment.


Some medicines can imitate the symptoms of habit-forming drugs, which alleviates withdrawal effects and cravings.


Detoxing And Withdrawal

During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This stage is known as the detox period. It depends on the drug that how last the detox will be, for some days or some weeks.

The hardest part of detoxification is having to deal with withdrawal symptoms. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.


There are many uncomfortable symptoms that may be experienced during this stage of recovery. These are some side effects:

  • Feeling anxious
  • Feeling depressed
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Body pains
  • Sweating

Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • They are suitable for treating stress and short temper.
  • Stress is mostly associated with withdrawal from drugs like Cocaine and Heroin
  • Benzos have tranquilizing symptoms, which helps comforting alcohol withdrawals.
  • Since the benzos are potentially addictive too, doctors prescribe them with care.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
  • Until the brain can produce happiness inducing chemicals the patient is given antidepressants during the rehab program.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
  • Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.

People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Complications can arise while detoxing from other drugs although the withdrawal symptoms are rarely deadly. Detoxifying under medical supervision makes sure things are done right and raises the chances of beating the addiction.

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Medicines For Alcohol Addiction

The period of withdrawal signs range from several weeks to months depending on the extended time of abusing alcohol regularly. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

PAWS can be comforted through maintenance rehabilitation that may not only reduce hunger but also limit drug desire. This type of medication is usually in the form of a tablet taken each day.


Recovery from alcohol addiction involves medication such as:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone is a drug that blocks the brain receptors that produce the pleasurable effects of alcohol.
  • Not only this, it also suppress the desire of drinking.
  • In some cases, Naltrexone is known to cause vomiting and migraines.
  • It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
  • Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
  • By hindering unhappy thoughts that cause stress and unhappiness, Acamprosate stops the users from wanting to take alcohol.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
  • When someone that is taking Disulfiram drinks alcohol, the medicine provokes effects like nausea and vomiting.
  • To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.

Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.


Heroin And Opiate Medications

Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin are all Opiates. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.

There withdrawal times are less than a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In a few cases, withdrawal symptoms may last for several months or even years. Extended replacement medicines can put an end to strong desires and PAWS. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.

For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
  • It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
  • This assists curb strong desires and withdrawal side effects.
  • Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
  • The medication is dispensed daily to prevent abuse.
  • Get further information about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
  • Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone is for both opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
  • It helps to reduce cravings.
  • Some of the brain receptors activated by alcohol and opiates are the same and this is why this drug works for both addictions.

Medical Detox And Rehabilitation

Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.

Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.

Health problems can be improve through supervised detox. Doctors record the patient's heart scale, body heat, breathing rate and fluid levels. If the patient experiences discomfort, they can be eased with the help of the doctor. In addition, they adapt any medicine dosages depending on the patient's requirements and durable programs for medication.

Patients with other health complications would be well advised to go on a medical detox. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.

Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. In treatment, the first week usually involves detoxification during which the patient must be closely monitored. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.

Find a rehab centre with proper medical detox for love ones call 0800 246 1509.